A camel is an even-toed ungulate within the genus Camelus, bearing distinctive fatty deposits known as "humps" on its back. The three surviving species of camel are the dromedary, or one-humped camel (C. dromedarius), which inhabits the Middle East and the Horn of Africa; the Bactrian, or two-humped camel (C. bactrianus), which inhabits Central Asia; and the critically endangered wild Bactrian camel (C. ferus) that has limited populations in remote areas of northwest China and Mongolia. Bactrian camels got its name based on a region called Bactriana located in Asia (Yam & Khomeiri, 2015). Both the dromedary and the Bactrian camels have been domesticated; they provide milk, meat, hair for textiles or goods such as felted pouches, and are working animals with tasks ranging from human transport to bearing loads.

The term camel is derived via Latin and Greek (camelus and κάμηλος kamēlos respectively) from Hebrew or Phoenician gāmāl.

"Camel" is also used more broadly to describe any of the seven camel-like mammals in the family Camelidae: the three true camels and the four New World camelids: the llama, alpaca, guanaco, and vicuña of South America. The majority of camel’s populations which approximately 94% are the dromedary camels or the one humped camels while the Bactrian camels or the tow humped camels were around 6% of the overall camel’s populations (Yam & Khomeiri, 2015).

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